WHAT ARE THE COMMONEST SERIOUS EYE
Children's eyes can be affected by problems at birth such as damage to the retina
in premature babies and infections from meningitis which can affect the blood vessels
in the brain leading to damage to the optic nerve. Children can inherit conditions
such as retinitis pigmentosa which predominantly affects the side vision, macular
dystrophies which prevent central detailed vision and Leiber's optic atrophy which
affects the whole of the visual area. Children can also suffer from glaucoma, retinal
detachments, congenital cataracts and older children can lose vision from diabetes.
WHEN SHOULD CHILDREN'S EYES BE EXAMINED?
Children's eyes can be examined at any age. If an infant or toddler has an eye problem
the sooner it is detected the better it will be in the long term. Important defects
that need to be looked out for are cataract (cloudiness inside the eye), squint
(an eye that turns in) or hypermetropia (severe long-sightedness).